Friday, August 2, 2013

ABOUT FRIDAY


Today we'll learn a bit about Friday.


ETYMOLOGY:


Old English frigedæg "Frigga's day," from Frige
genitive of Frig, Germanic goddess of married love, 
a West Germanic translation of Latin dies Veneris "day of (the planet) Venus," 
which translated into Greek was Aphrodite.

In the Germanic pantheon, 
Freya corresponds more closely in character to Venus than Frigg does, 
and some early Icelandic writers used Freyjudagr for "Friday." 

Old Norse Frigg (genitive Friggjar), Old Saxon Fri, and Old English Frig 
are derived from the Common Germanic word Frijjō
Frigg is cognate with Sanskrit prīyā́ which means 'wife; dear/beloved one' 
and which is the derivation of the word sapphire. 
The root also appears in Old Saxon fri which means "beloved lady", 
in Swedish as fria("to propose for marriage") 
and in Icelandic as frjá which means "to love." 

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HISTORY and MYTHOLOGY

Frigg

In the Germanic pantheon, Frigg was Odin's lawful wife 
and the oldest known Germanic goddess. 
 She is spoken of in sources dating from 750 AD onward. 
 She and Odin have been directly linked since their first appearance together 
in the anonymous Origo Gentis Langobardorum, 
The Origin and History of the Lombards.

Frigg is the "foremost among the goddesses" and the queen of Asgard.  
She is known as an Earth Goddess, a wife and a mother.  
She knows every person's destiny, but never reveals what she knows.  
As the mother of Balder, she tried to prevent his death by extracting oaths 
from every living thing, but forgot the mistletoe. 
And by a mistletoe, Balder died.   
Frigg is the only one other than Odin 
who is permitted to sit on his high seat Hlidskjalf 
and look out over the universe.

Her companion is Eir, a goddess associated with medical skills. 



Freya

In Norse mythology, Freya is a goddess of love and fertility.  
She is the most beautiful of the goddesses. 
She is the goddess of crops and of birth. 
She loves music, spring, and flowers and is especially fond of elves.  
She was wife of the god Od (another form of Odin?) who disappeared. 
When she mourned her lost husband, her tears turned to gold.  

Her attributes are the precious necklace of the Brisings,
which she obtained by sleepiong with four dwarfs, 
a cloak of bird feathers which allows its wearer to change into a falcon, 
and a chariot pulled by two cats.  
She lives in the palace Folkvang, 
a place where love songs are always played.   

CONNECTION BETWEEN FRIGG and FREYA (from Wikipedia)

Many arguments have been made both for and against the idea that Frigg and Freyja are really the same goddess, avatars of one another. Some arguments are based on linguistic analysis, others on the fact that Freyja was not known in southern Germany, only in the north, and in some places the two goddesses were considered to be the same, while in others they were considered to be different. There are clearly many similarities between the two: both had flying cloaks of falcon feathers and engaged in shape-shifting, Frigg was married to Odin while Freyja was married to Od, both had special necklaces, both had a personification of the Earth as a parent, both were called upon for assistance in childbirth, etc.
There is an argument that Frigg and Freyja are similar goddesses from different pantheons who were first conflated into each other and then later seen as separate goddesses again. This is consistent with the theological treatment of some Greek, Roman, and Egyptian deities in the late classical period.

Both Frigg and Freya are associated with Venus.
Remember the number 5 and it's association with Taurus, ruled by Venus? 
This is an important correspondence. In Latin, Friday is Veneris, or Venus' Day.

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Venus

Venus was the Roman goddess of love and beauty. 
Originally, she was a vegetation goddess, 
but later, under Greek influence, she was equated with Aphrodite and assumed many of her aspects.  Venus was the daughter of Jupiter.


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Aphrodite

Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love and beauty.  She was born when Uranus was castrated by his  son, throwing his father's severed genitals into the ocean. The ocean began to foam and from the foam (aphros) came Aphrodite.  She was married off to the smith god Hephaestus, who gifted her with a magic golden girdle, making her irresistible. She loved and was loved by many, both god and mortal. 

 Her attributes are the dolphin, the dove, the swan, the pomegranate and the lime tree.





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Other Friday Correspondences

COLORS


The colors associated with Friday are pink, for love and blue, for the sea. 


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PLANET

Venus is one of the brightest objects in the sky.
 It rises and sets each day so it has the nicknames "Morning and Evening Star."  
Venus rotates backwards, so on Venus, the sun rises in the west and sets in the east.  
Venus is the second planet from the sun and the Earth's closest neighbor.  
It is a little smaller than the earth.  
Venus is so hot, the temperatures can melt lead!




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PLANTS and SPELLS

Plants (and herbs) ruled by Venus can be used in spells relating to: 
beauty, fidelity, friendship, love, and youth.  

For a good list of magical plants and herbs to be used on Friday, 
Cunningham's Encyclopedia of Magical Herbs is a good place to begin. 




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METAL

The metal associated with Friday is copper. 
The warmth and heat of Venus is reflected in its rosy glow.
Copper is also very conductive and is very good for magical tools.
The Oakmist Tradition uses copper for its ceremonial blades.
Pentacle by AppleGrove Online


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STONES


Emerald, Turquoise, Rose Quartz






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TAROT CARD




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HEBREW LETTER

Dalet - "Door"



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NUMBER


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